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Knowledge Bank

This knowledge bank is a dedicated online resource for social tourism. It documents a range literature available in English from journal articles, reports, webpages and many more. The knowledge bank will be updated regularly to include any new literature that is published. If you have any questions, comments or literature to include please contact us by e-mail.

Type
Title
Author
Year
Source
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
Morgan, N., Pritchard, A., and Sedgley, D  
Year
2015  
Source
Annals of Tourism Research, Volume 52, May 2015, pp. 1 - 15  
Studies of social tourism have concentrated on the benefits for young families and people with disabilities, yet few analyses have investigated its wellbeing value for economically disadvantaged older people. Based on participant-driven interviews during a UK social tourism trip, this paper informs understandings of social tourism experiences and explores the links between wellbeing and social tourism opportunities for older people. It reveals that social tourism presents older individuals with occasions for escape, respite, companionship, and reminiscence and for renegotiation of self-identity following spousal bereavement, but that these trips can be anxiously anticipated. The study proposes a research agenda, which explores the physiological, psychological, social and spiritual impacts of social tourism on older people’s wellbeing.
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
Ferrer, J. G., Sanz, M. F., Ferrandis, E. D., McCabe, S., and Garcia, J. S  
Year
2015  
Source
International Journal of Tourism Research  
Recent research in social tourism notes possible links between tourism participation and improvements in health. However, there is a lack of quantitative evidence concerning the potential links between tourism participation and self-reported health amongst older people. An ageing society requires measures to promote independent living and enhance older people's quality of life. This paper provides evidence that older tourists are more active and healthy than non-tourists, from a study comparing health perceptions amongst Spanish older people. The results provide tentative conclusions of causal relationships between tourism and dimensions of physical and mental health through a Structural Equation Model
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
McCabe, S., and Diekmann, A  
Year
2015  
Source
Tourism Recreation Research, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp. 194-204  
There is an increasing emphasis in tourism research on the role that tourism plays in enriching the lives of tourists, including impacts on health, well-being, happiness and quality of life. Tourism is increasingly being conceived as a necessity, rather than a luxury. This is especially so in the advanced economies of the world, but also increasingly in the emerging economies which have driven growth in international tourism demand throughout the recent global financial crisis. This leads to two interconnected issues: how to ensure that opportunities to participate in tourism exist for everyone in society, and whether access to opportunities can or should be considered a right. This paper discusses these issues by considering the position of tourism as a right and in the context of research on social tourism. It argues that tourism can be considered a form of social right, rather than a fundamental human right.
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
Mao, Huiyuan; Liu, Xin  
Year
2014  
Source
Advanced Materials Research Vols. 926 - 930, pp. 3910 - 3913  
With the impact of international financial crisis, China Tourism Bureau put forwards the National Travel and Leisure Programme for drawing the inner demand. Social tourism, served as one of the four tourism items in the programme is similar to social welfare travel, which was studied and advocated in western countries during the past 50 years. They are comparable and connected in some aspects. This research paper analyses the background of social tourism and sorts out the domestic theories on it. Then it proposes the countermeasures towards the development of social tourism in China.
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
Zenko, Zdenka; Sardi, Valentina  
Year
2014  
Source
Kybernetes Vol. 43, Issue 34, pp. 652 - 666  
Socially responsible innovative behaviour should reduce the incidence of one-sidedness in the behaviour of persons employed or active in tourism organisations. People with disabilities are often poorly integrated, even in the advanced societies. This paper aims to discuss these issues.
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
La Placa, Vincent; Corlyon, Judy  
Year
2014  
Source
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 66 - 79  
Social tourism is a contested concept, practised little in the UK, but more widely throughout mainland Europe. However, limited research demonstrates its benefits to recipients. The emergence of social tourism has occurred through a historical and discursive process linked to organised capitalism and modern civil society. Social tourism has the capacity to transcend traditional and commercial concepts of tourism and challenge purely marked-based tourism and leisure activities. Supporters can make the case for social tourism on the UK policy agenda through the following: more holistic research into social tourism and its benefits; the use of current government changes around the public health structure; and integration of social tourism into community needs around social capital and local health and wellbeing intervention development.
Category
Charity / industry report  
Title
Author
Kakoudakis, K  
Year
2014  
Source
University of Nottingham  
PhD thesis that sets to explore whether social tourism holds any particular psychological benefits for unemployed individuals in Great Britain, and the extent to which, such benefits have, in turn, positive effects on their job-search behaviour (JSB). This study examines the psychological benefits of tourism participation within the context of self-efficacy beliefs. Results showed that the holiday-break had positive effects on participants’ SE, which, in turn, had positive effects on their JSB. Overall, findings confirmed the central role of enabling environments in positive mental health, and offered some “tangible” evidence about direct linkages between individual psychological benefits that social tourism holds for participants, and socioeconomic benefits, thus, giving a new insight into the debate on social tourism in the UK, and providing important implications for policy. Keywords: UK; Family Holiday Association; unemployment; low income
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
Minnaert, L  
Year
2014  
Source
Tourism Management Volume 40, pp. 282-289  
Social tourism initiatives tend to facilitate access to tourism for groups who would otherwise be financially unable to participate in holidays. The tourism products offered in social tourism vary between individual and group holidays, and day trips. This paper presents the findings of an exploratory, qualitative study with social tourism beneficiaries and social support workers, which explores via interviews and focus groups how these different tourism products can be tailored most effectively to the needs to the beneficiaries. The findings of the study highlight the important role of travel inexperience, and associated uncertainty, in travel decisions made by this target group. The findings show that (public sector or charitable) providers of social tourism can offer the most tailored and potentially most cost-effective tourism product to each beneficiary by closely considering previous travel experience and uncertainty levels before departure.
Category
Newspaper and magazine article (print or online)  
Title
Author
–  
Year
2013  
Source
Malta Star  
A web article about the social tourism initiatives of the new government in Malta.
Category
Other  
Title
Author
Mason, J.  
Year
2013  
Source
BBC  
Debate in Scottish Parliament from April 2013 on social tourism. In his motion Mr Mason highlights what he considers the positive enhancement of the quality of family life through equitable access to high value rest and recreation regardless of disadvantage or poverty and believes that partnership working between tourism and welfare sector partners can improve the quality of family life for those parents and children who experience disadvantage as a result of poverty through the provision of and by promoting access to holidays and other recreational activities. Keywords: Scotland; UK; poverty; holidays; partnership
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
Bos, L., McCabe, S. and Johnson, S.  
Year
2013  
Source
Current Issues in Tourism 2013  
This paper applies Experiential Learning Theory to examine learning experiences of UK children during a holiday to assess the potential of holidays as influencing factors in educational achievement and attainment. The paper presents findings from a study undertaken with low-income families who had received financial support to take a holiday. The study concludes that across a range of holiday styles, tourism can provide a context for experiential learning, and that the holiday can help to contextualise classroom learning through relearning. It also helped to improve relationships between the schools and families, which could be beneficial for children's learning in school. Keywords: UK; Family Holiday Association; social tourism; educational benefits; Experiential Learning Theory; school
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
McCabe, Scott; Johnson, Sarah  
Year
2013  
Source
Annals of Tourism Research Vol. 41, pp.42 - 65  
New research is emerging on the relationships between tourism and quality of life (QOL) and subjective well-being (SWB). This paper develops a measure of SWB and reports findings from a two-step survey that measured changes in well-being amongst low-income individuals who had received financial support to access a holiday break ('social tourists). This is the first study to assess well-being amongst social tourists. The findings indicate that tourism contributes to social tourist's well-being. There are greater effects in some areas including psychological resources, leisure and family life domains contributing to social well-being. Social tourists have lower levels of SWB than the general population. Further studies are needed to compare tourism's contribution to SWB amongst mainstream tourists.
Category
Academic journal article  
Title
Author
Walton, J.  
Year
2013  
Source
Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events Volume 5, Issue 1, 2013  
Abstract ‘Social tourism’ has a long history and a significant contemporary role in many parts of the world, including most European nations. This article investigates the history of its stunted development in Britain, especially in terms of the active state involvement which is common elsewhere, and offers historical explanations for this absence. It also discusses current debates about the possible promotion of versions of ‘social tourism’ in Britain, and ways in which the concept might achieve a higher level of visibility and legitimacy to enable its wider adoption. Keywords: social tourism, social policy, holidays, history, Britain, Europe
Category
Newspaper and magazine article (print or online)  
Title
Author
–  
Year
2013  
Source
English  
A web article about the award received by Venezuela due to its efforts in social inclusion through tourism
Category
Charity / industry report  
Title
Author
Carneiro, J., Eusebio, C., Kastenholz, E., and Alvelos, H  
Year
2013  
Source
Anatolia: An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Issue 24, Volume 3, pp. 352 - 366  
Although tourism is recognised as a major industry worldwide, it is not accessible to all yet. In order to increase seniors' access to tourism, some countries have developed social tourism programmes for this market. However, few studies analyse the relevance and the motivations for participating in these programmes. This paper presents a market segmentation of a Portuguese social tourism programme for seniors based on motivations and a comparison of the resulting segments regarding the following features: socio-demographic profile; travel behaviour; benefits obtained; satisfaction; and loyalty. A questionnaire-based survey yielded 667 valid responses. A K-means cluster analysis was adopted to segment the market, and clusters were compared using ANOVA, Kruskal–Wallis, and χ2 tests. Three clusters emerged: “the passive seniors”, “the socio-cultural seniors”, and “the active seniors”. Several statistically significant differences among the clusters were detected. The results highlight the importance of social tourism programmes for the senior market.
Category
Charity / industry report  
Title
Author
Minnaert L. Visit Flanders  
Year
2013  
Source
Visit Flanders, Holiday Participation Centre  
Report from Holiday Participation Centre of Visit Flanders, a leading example of social tourism in action held in high regard across Europe and the rest of the world. This notebook provides an insight into its evolution. It is the successor of the notebook of 2008 (‘Holidays are for everyone’): the implementations of its research findings are discussed thoroughly and are complemented with new data. This notebook answers the following questions: What does poverty look like in 2013? Who are the holidaymakers that make use of the Holiday Participation Centre? Who are the holiday operators? Why is the Holiday Participation Centre unique in Europe? What does the future look like for the Holiday Participation Centre? Keywords: Flanders; poverty, trends
Category
Newspaper and magazine article (print or online)  
Title
Author
Dalli, K.  
Year
2013  
Source
Times of Malta  
A web article introduces the accessible tourism website for Malta (http://www.accessibletourismmalta.eu/) Keywords: Malta; older; senior; disabled; website; accessibility
Category
Book  
Title
Author
McCabe,S., Minnaert, L. & Diekmann, A.  
Year
2012  
Source
Channel View Publications  
This book provides a detailed analysis of the different systems and practices of social tourism in Europe. It combines both theory of social tourism and practice of social tourism which is presented in case studies of different countries in Europe.
Category
Other  
Title
Author
Evans, P.  
Year
2012  
Source
English  
Presentation from VisitEngland on the need for robust economic reasons to justify spending on social tourism. Keywords: England; UK; research; economics; economy; staycation;
Category
Other  
Title
Author
The World Youth Student & Educational (WYSE) Travel Confederation  
Year
2012  
Source
English  
The San Diego Declaration provides the basis for WYSE Travel Confederationâ's work with international organisations, governments, sector stakeholders and other NGOs in furthering the cause of global youth travel. Keywords: international; young people